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An environmental problem you have noticed in your city/town

IELTS Cue Card/ Candidate Task Card 452 with Model Answer:

Describe an environmental problem that you have noticed in your city/town.

You should say:
  • what it is
  • what are the causes behind this problem
  • how it affects people
and explain what could be done about it.

[You will have to talk about the topic for one to two minutes. You have one minute to think about what you are going to say. You can make some notes to help you if you wish.]


Model Answer 1:
I'd like to begin by thanking you for this excellent topic that allows me to talk about an important issue. I think noise pollution is perhaps the worst environmental problem that I've noticed in the city where I live in. The hydraulic horn and other high-frequency sounds from different motor vehicles and construction works are primarily the sources of this noise pollution. 

Our city is already home to several million people, and the number of motorised vehicles that run on the streets in our city is also very high. Moreover, drivers often use horns indiscriminately and intermittently. Due to high traffic on the roads, every car wants to make room and go ahead, and it creates a chaotic situation. On top of that, our city's infrastructure is developing faster than ever, and many development projects and construction works are ongoing. All these sources make noise pollution a severe problem for all of us.

Noise pollution affects the people in our city very adversely. It can hinder the proper mental growth of young children, make many psychological issues among adults, and impair our ability to hear properly. Long-term exposure to such noise pollution can even completely ruin our ability to hear. 

I believe we need extensive awareness campaigns to make people cognizant of the negative consequences of using horns and noise pollution. The administration must impose strict laws and rules so that drivers stop using horns unnecessarily. The authority should also take care of the development works so that they create as little noise as possible. 


Model Answer 2:
An environmental problem that I've noticed in my city is air pollution. It is a pressing issue that not only affects the quality of the air we breathe but also poses significant health risks to the residents and the overall ecosystem.

Air pollution refers to the presence of harmful pollutants in the air, mainly caused by industrial activities, vehicular emissions, and the burning of fossil fuels. These pollutants include particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide.

The primary causes of air pollution in my city are industrial emissions and vehicular pollution. The presence of numerous factories and industrial zones releases toxic chemicals and gases into the air, leading to the degradation of air quality. Additionally, the large number of vehicles on the road, especially older and poorly maintained ones, emit harmful pollutants, further exacerbating the problem.

The adverse effects of air pollution on people's health cannot be understated. Prolonged exposure to polluted air can lead to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, and even premature death. Particularly vulnerable groups such as children, the elderly, and individuals with pre-existing health conditions are at higher risk. Moreover, air pollution impacts the quality of life, causing discomfort, reduced productivity, and increased healthcare costs.

Addressing air pollution requires collective efforts from the government, industries, and citizens. Firstly, stricter regulations and enforcement should be implemented to control industrial emissions. I believe encouraging the adoption of cleaner technologies and promoting sustainable practices in manufacturing processes can significantly reduce pollution levels. Furthermore, raising awareness among the public about the detrimental effects of air pollution is crucial. Finally, planting more trees and creating green spaces in the city can also help absorb pollutants and improve air quality.

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