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An important social change in your country

IELTS Cue Card Question 59 With Model Answer: 

Describe an important social change in your country.

You should say: 
  • what it was
  • how it happened
  • how long it took
And explain the effect it has had on people in your country.

[You will have to talk about the topic for one to two minutes. You have one minute to think about what you're going to say. You can make some notes to help you if you wish.]

Model Answer 1:
Pakistan is the country with numerous hopes, potentials and aspirations. But in some cases, the state is lagging behind and improvement on the sectors has already started. The rate of schooling has increased compared to the past.

Earlier, parents did not send their kids to school for different reasons and particularly the female education was one the less important issues. However, in the current days, the scenario has changed greatly, most of the girls are sent to school and they are completing their secondary and in some cases pursuing to the highest degree of the country. But one could not have thought of sending his/ her girl to an educational institution. It was only allowed that the girls will be educated inside of their home with the religious studies and the higher education was a banned for them.

The change has taken after a large number of troubles and revolutionary attempts. Education for women at first was discouraged by the governmental initiatives and then when the government started realising the importance of empowerment of the women to survive and sustain the modern days, it started inspiring the female education. Since education broadens the outlook, changes the attitudes and creates a deep sense of right and wrong, it is a must for the people to go ahead and make the country a developed one. The government has realised the issue lately as different awareness activities have been undertaken by different non-government organisations. As a result, the women of all classes have the access to education at any level; they are completing their academic studies and getting involved in different professions.

It took about decades to improve the situation. Women were not allowed to participate in most of the out of home activities and the males were the key wage earner. They also did not allow their women to go outside. But with the change of time, they started realising the effects of keeping their wives at home. When the world is marching ahead with different development endeavours, Pakistan started to lag behind and fell in different political and socio-economic difficulties. In fact, it is impossible to go ahead by leaving the half of the population is darkness. Gradually, education for women was made easy and their spontaneous participation in education began.

Currently, Pakistan is marching ahead with a great speed as the women of the country are being educated. They are empowered and own the authority to express their opinion in familial and other related issues. Due to their participation in development activities, the productions are on the increase and as a result, the national economy is upping. The social and cultural environments are getting changed. Women are out for work and participating in almost all sectors for their livelihood. Consequently, the countrymen have started reaping the benefits.



Model Answer 2:
The use of sanitary latrines was one of the notable social change across India. In fact, it was a bad luck for the people of the country that they did not use the sanitary toilets before. A notable number of NGOs and INGOs in line with the state attempts have been successful to bring the change. Thank you for the question. And I will discuss the issue here.

India is one of the largest populated countries. And thus this is a great problem for the people to use healthy latrines. The majority of the city dwellers were habituated to attend to the call of nature in open spaces. It became a usual phenomenon among the population and the trend continued for ages. Even in some of the places are still available where people go out to attend the call of nature. With the support from the public and private organisations, the habit has been changed to some extent. And I consider this as an important social change of my country.

This was a hefty task to change the social behaviour. Actually, people do not want to change any habit which makes them comfortable. They got habituated with the habit of using open spaces for attending the call of nature. As a result, the surrounding localities got polluted. Some of the zones in the major were almost unused as they were filled with human wastes. The Riverside and even some parts of the seas beaches were also used for the purpose. So, the natural beauties were gone. Besides, people were unable to clean themselves properly which often caused them serious physical illness and discomfort. So, gradually they started realising the detrimental impacts of such activities. But they were unable to make sanitary latrines for their ordinary use fearing the extensive costs. So, the NGOs and a part of the local governments appeared to solve the problem.  

It took years to bring the social change. In fact, it was extremely difficult to inspire people on using the sanitary latrines and exercising other healthy attitudes. Many of the people initially protested against the decisions and did not start using the sanitary toilets. But they could not continue with their pledge for so long. It took about six consecutive years to create the awareness among the population about the health care issues. When they became aware of the detrimental impacts of polluting the environment in this ways, they started changing the behaviour. It was a success for the NGOs mostly while the government has also taken a good part in this journey. The process is still on. Even today, people are found urinating in open spaces and they are being made aware of using the public toilet facilities. So, I think will take more time to bring the complete awareness among the population.

The effects were positive. Earlier, it was almost impossible to walk beside some of the streets and roads, even in the cities, for the unbearable stench. The municipal authorities used to clean the wastes and the scenario turned the same in the next day. But now there are no such issues available. Almost all the streets are clean today as the majority of the people use the sanitary latrines. The rate of air pollution has reduced to some extent, at least people do not have to breathe in the air filled with the stench of wastes. Moreover, the young generations are being aware of the issue and they also are trying to create awareness among the population who are ignorant. So, I think this initiative has a very positive impact on the country and someday the entire nation will be aware of the issue.

Your preparation for this Cue card will help you to answer the following Cue card topics as well:

  1. Describe a law you would like to implement in your country. 
  2. Describe a change you have noticed in your country. 
  3. Talk about a law you like. 
  4. Describe a social change you think is needed. 

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