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Describe something that is produced in your country

IELTS Cue Card Question 21 With Model Answer: 

Describe something that is produced in your country (e.g., a food, a handicraft, or a car)

You should say:
  • what the product is
  • what it is used for
  • how it is made
and explain why your country produces this thing.

[You will have to talk about the topic for one to two minutes. You have one minute to think about what you're going to say. You can make some notes to help you if you wish.]

Model Answer 1:
This is the age of communication and technology. Vehicles are the most important and necessary mode of communication. There are different sorts of vehicles are available around the world and used for travelling from one place to another for various specific or unspecific reasons.

Germany is globally famous for producing cars and the automotive industry is considered as one of the best and largest industries in the world. The automotive industry is producing different types of cars and has created employment for nearly a million of people across the country. German automobile produces modern, stylish, and well-designed cars, and the features are competitive too in the European countries. The production of automobiles in Germany boomed after the 1960s and the expansion is still in progress. The most notable cars are Audi, BMW, Ford, Porsche, Volkswagen, Opel, Mercedes-Benz etc.

Mostly the cars are used for personal transportation. According to the demand by the buyers, sometimes the cars are customised and special features are added to the vehicles. At times, some special types of sports cars are made to be used in car races across the world. Then the cars are made with special care and prices also go up for the extraordinary characteristics. But the manufacturers also produce cars for massive transportation like highway bus that carries passengers from one place to another inside or outside of the country. Interestingly, some of the people place orders for sports cars for their personal use by spending a huge sum of money. Whatever the prices are, the vehicles support the users for longer periods.

In the early days, the cars were made on hand and using few employees but with the change of time the demands of the cars have increased greatly and thus the making process has also been mechanised. Technologically advanced machines are used to make almost all the parts of a car and some of the workers are used to assemble the parts together. Commonly, some employees are engaged in the assembling of specific parts using a conveyer belt. The car body stops at different stations on a conveyer belt and then the expert hands join the parts with machines and tools. When the assembly is done for any specific part, the body moves forward to the next station.

The workers are split into several units under a division to assemble the body parts and thus the assembly is done. However, the assembly requires a substantial amount of time as a car is made of numerous specialised metal parts, tools and instruments including electronic circuits, plastics materials, rubber tires, glass and many other things. When all the elements are assembled together, the car turns into a fully functioning vehicle.

Germany has been producing automobile since the 18th century and is considered as the birthplace of this industry. Earlier, the number of produced cars was limited but with the increasing global demand, it has started massive automobile production and the most famous brands are produced in Germany. The most important cause of the German automobile demand is its sustainability and comfort. The cars made by Germany are economic in terms of fuel consumption and could be used for years.

In terms of quality, the German cars belong to the top class and provide continuous service to the users and require some routine checks only. The German automobiles are made for luxury and engineered for travelling long distance with a higher speed.

Model Answer 2:
Rice is one of the main agricultural products in India and considered as the staple food for the majority of the population living in Southeast Asia. This is the only food crop that is found in almost all parts of the world and is preferred as the main food item on the table.

India is one of the largest rice growers in the world and the contribution is around 20% comparing the global rice production in different other countries. The rice production level has increased in the present days than the past to meet the hunger of the increased population of the country. India mainly produces the brown and white rice and the demands for both the rice are skyrocketing.

Rice is used as the main food for the majority of the Indians though some of them prefer to have bread instead of rice on their meal. But rice is still on the top of the list and been serving the people since time immemorial. Rice is grown from paddy and it needs to be cooked before serving. Usually, the production level remains upwards but due to some natural disasters like droughts or excessive rains help to decline the rice production. Gradually, the lands producing paddies are expanding and in fact, rice covers the largest crop producing lands of the country. There are different sorts of rice is available and they have various purposes. Some of them are used for preparing regular meals while the special ones are used to cook distinctive foods marking occasions.

Rice is basically a food grain grown on a tree known as paddy. It requires fertile lands, plenty of water, and the climate should be humid and moderately hot. Besides, a moderate rainfall is also required for the cultivation of rice. Rice is grown in plenty in India since the climatic features are favourable for rice growth. The hot and comfortable climate helps flourish the paddies on the land. Traditionally, the fields are ploughed before sowing rice seeds and fertilizers and cow dungs are used to enhance the fertility of the land. When there are scarcities of rain, irrigation is required and that is done by groundwater using tube wells or deep tube wells. These are the traditional methods for growing rice but some other non-traditional methods are followed as well some of the Indian regions to produce rice.

India grows rice not only to meet the increasing food demands, rice is tastier than the other types of food grains as well and could be taken with several types of curries and vegetables. This is the only food grain that delivers special aroma after cooking. Moreover, the preparation process for rice is also simpler and requires no spices at all. Only a cooking pot and a couple mugs of water are enough to cook the rice. India produces rice as the cultivation needs fewer efforts than other food crops, and the produced rice is exported which brings a good profit for the country.

Part 3: Detail Discussion:

Food Production  

Q. What are some of the main food products ("foods") that your country produces?
A. Foods, particularly the agricultural products in Germany are different from regions to regions despite being the country an agricultural land. Cereals are mostly grown across the country and sugar beets are another important agricultural product. Besides, various types of vegetables are also found and sold in marketplaces. Vineyards are located in the river valleys. The foods are produced in such a manner that the prices are lower but the farmers have their profit to a pleasant level. Organic farming is followed across the country to ensure the highest level of production.

Q. What are some food products that come from different parts of your country?
A. Being an agricultural country, it produces different sorts of food items both seasonal and round the year. Vegetable like carrots, potatoes, cabbage, spinach, beans, cauliflowers, tomatoes, zucchini, lettuce, cucumbers, broccoli etc. are produced in different parts of Germany. Moreover, there are some fruits like apples, lemons, kiwis, oranges, avocados, peaches, pears, nectarines, strawberries, plums, cherries etc. are also grown across Germany and mangoes, bananas, coconuts and pineapples are also found in German localities.    

Q. What widely consumed food products are mainly imported into your country?
A. The most consumed food in Germany is meat like beef, pork etc. But pork is the most popular meat across Germany. However, chicken, duck, lamb, rabbit, boar etc. are also consumed on different occasions and available round the year. Fish is another most wanted item in Germany and the most common fishes consumed are trout, carp, pike etc. Vegetables are the part and parcel of German cuisine and it is a must on the food menu. Mostly the vegetables are used to make soups or stews and sometimes are served as side dish. Take away foods are also popular in Germany. Dried foods also have a big demand among the Germans, particularly in some specific locations.

Besides, various types of foods are imported to Germany including live animals, beverages, oils – vegetable and animal, oilseeds, citrus, avocados, tomatoes, zucchini, onions, potatoes, apples, broccoli, garlic, pears, bananas, mangoes, mushrooms cauliflowers etc.

Q. Do you think it's important that a country is self-sufficient in food?
A.  A country should be self-sufficient in food production for different reasons. The first thing is that import is a complex process and at times the food items get damaged for the transportation process and the pricing goes beyond the budget. As a result, the final consumers are to get the items at a higher rate than usual. Besides, the import process may also get delayed or obstructed for global political disability. If the country is in need of the products, those become unavailable inside of the country and the unscrupulous merchants create a syndicate to extend their illegal profit by storing the available goods.        

Other Products /International Trade  

Q. Besides food and the product you mentioned earlier, what else is made in your country?
A. Germany is the country that makes a large number of necessary things. The produced elements are globally delivered for the daily use of global people. The most important products include ships, electronic gadgets and gears, beverages like beer of different types and Fanta, filing cabinets, printers, envelops, papers, cosmetics products like Nivea, medicines like aspirin, branded sportswear products Puma, Faber Castell pencils, electronic cigarettes, grooming brushes, medical products, car tires, sailboats, handicrafts, clothing, perfumes and more other elements.

Q. Do you think the globalisation of industry and commerce is a good thing?
A. Globalisation has made a massive change in the world. The world has turned into a global village for the entire process and as a result, people have the chances to enjoy products or services of foreign countries. The globalisation of industry and commerce has made consumption comfortable to the global consumers. Any specific goods, service or product produced in a certain part of any geographical location is now available in the remotest part of the world and this has happened for globalisation process.  

Q. Do you think every country should make everything it needs or should it import some things?
A. It is my individual concept that every country may not make or produce everything it needs due to various causes and most importantly the lack of available resource. The resources required to make or produce any specific product is unavailable everywhere. For instance, the Middle East countries are selling oil across the world as they have plenty but if they did not have, then they had to import oil from the producing countries. So, I think in some cases a country should import the necessary items. 

Q. What are the disadvantages of a country producing everything it needs?
A. When a country will produce everything it needs, the economic situation may turn worse. When the necessary items will be available for all the people the currency value will go down. Moreover, there is a common trend of wasting materials when they are found in abundance. So, the chance of production material wastage like mineral or artificial resources wastage will emerge. People will be unaware of using or applying the produced, and if the products were imported, the people would have used them with care. 

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